The first diamonds formed in the thickness of the Earth in about 3.5 billion years BC. Millions of years passed before diamond-containing kimberlites - igneous rocks - broke through the earth's crust, allowing people to first discover an unusually hard and transparent mineral. For hundreds of years, faceted diamonds adorn jewelry. Despite the mechanization of many processes, diamond mining has always been and remains an incredibly hard work due to harsh conditions and low pay. In this regard, in recent years, a fashion for synthetic diamonds has arisen in the jewelry sector, the popularization of which can solve many ethical and even environmental problems.
According to statistics, about 70% would prefer to buy synthetic diamonds than their natural counterpart. How are artificial diamonds different from traditional ones?
To begin with, synthetic diamonds are produced in laboratories. In essence, namely, in terms of chemical composition and physical properties, artificial and natural stones are almost identical. Under natural conditions, diamond is formed from carbon atoms at a depth of about 200 km under a pressure of about 50 thousand atmospheres. In this case, the future mineral is affected by the extremely high temperature of the surrounding earth's mantle. Most of today's diamonds originated at the dawn of the formation of our planet, when it was much hotter than today.
Although synthetic diamonds are considered an example of environmental friendliness, it is actually quite difficult to assess the environmental impact of the artificial stone production process. The carbon footprint of each diamond largely depends on the source of electricity that the laboratory consumes, since a lot of energy is needed to synthesize artificial stone. According to the Association of Diamond Producers, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from laboratory production of minerals is three times the amount of gases emitted during mine or quarrying of stones. Based on a report developed by Trucost for the Association, about 510 kg of carbon dioxide are produced per carat of artificial diamond, and about 160 kg per natural carat. (https://sofialior.diamonds/blog/what-is-better-moissanite-or-diamond/)