Since its discovery by one of the Viking Orbiters in 1976 the mile long Face on Mars at Cydonia has been the subject of much study and has been imaged by many space probes.
In the intervening period it has been discovered that there are many other anomalies in the Cydonian landscape that seem more artificial than natural.
The main reason for scepticism about the Face is that the left and right sides are of two different creatures. From the human perspective these look similar to a hominid/"ape man" and a lion. It thus has a Cherubim type appearance. Obviously a symmetrical face in which both sides were the same would be more convincing for most people. However, there are other features of the Face that seem designed - and at higher resolutions its crumbling surface shows evidence of badly ruined architectural structure.
This report illustrates some of the things that the Cydonia Quest website has noted about the Face at Cydonia.
The following images are quite large, so this article is best viewed with the reader's internet browser set to "full screen" view.
First, let's start off with some humour.
1 - "Predicted"
It seems appropriate to begin with the front page of The Face on Mars comic story by the legendary Jack Kirby. Published in 1958 this graphic story spookily predates the discovery of the Face at Cydonia by 18 years.
For more details click HERE
2 - "Facial Features"
Figure 1 – Although very much battered by the Ages, the Face retains facial characteristics when imaged from different camera angles, different sun angles, and under different image processing.
Figure 2 – However it is a very lop-sided face that the Face presents. When the two sides of this face are mirrored around the Face's centre line, then the western side looks something like an ape-man and the eastern side looks like a lion. If one day the Face is proven to be artificial then this raises further questions. Are these two creatures actually a man and a lion – or are they something more alien? What does this cherubim-like combination symbolise? For more information click HERE
3 -"Mega-structure and Design"
Figure 1 –Something that has intrigued those investigating the Face is that the western and eastern edges run parallel to one another. When this is combined with a tendency towards straight lined and smoothly curving features, the idea that the Face is designed is more credible. (These characteristics of the Face are shown with red lines). High resolution imagery has also revealed a grid of huge walls in the south-eastern quadrant of the Face. (These are coloured green below). They could plausibly be the ruins of mega-structures that support the Face.
Figure 2 –Mark Carlotto has suggested that both the outine of the Face platform and the facial features within it seem designed to match identically shaped nested rectangles. These are both centred on the highest part of the Face, (the nose). For more information click HERE
4 - "Ruin-like Structure" - Western Face Platform
The flat topped platform on the western side of the Face shows evidence of ruin-like structure. The surface seems to have crumbled downwards into building sized hollows. Some areas of the platform give an impression of geometry to this process. As the examples of locations 1 and 3 show, these ruin-like hollows become more choked with wind blown sand as the view moves northwards up the platform. Location number 2 shows that a similar, but smoother and less jagged, grid of walled enclosures can be found in the mouth area of the Face. For more information click HERE
5 - "Ruin-like Structure" - Eastern Face Platform
Hi-resolution imagery of the Face’s shadowy eastern side is of very poor quality. However, when enhancement techniques are applied some smaller scale grid-like structures do emerge from the electronically noisy murk. This Image of the Day shows a square depression that is eroded down into the “lion’s mouth” area of the Face’s eastern side. It can be seen that the inside edge of this depression is lined with grids of enclosures the size of large rooms. Once the reader’s eye learns to see these grids the effect is very ruin-like. We will have to wait for another re-imaging of the Face by the MRO spacecraft before we will have a chance to get an improved look at these smaller features. For more information click HERE
6 - "Intense Reflectivity"
In 2002 the Mars Odyssey spacecraft took an image of the Face at Cydonia that was unusually timed to coincide with the feeble Martian twilight before the sunrise. This revealed that the Face was reflecting back the lightening sky with far more intensity than other nearby mounds and mesas. More recent imagery from the context camera of the Mars Reconnaissance Observer spacecraft confirms that the Face can be intensely reflective in broad daylight too. As the third picture below shows, the Face is more consistently bright over its whole surface than other features in the area - and so tends to attract the eye. If the Face is an artificial construct of great cultural significance, then it would be appropriate for the builders to use the brightest materials available. (Imagine if it had been floodlit at night). For more information click HERE
It is possible to more scientifically compare the overall brightness of the Face in the landscape above with the next brightest features in the image.
"The Mystic Eye"
Whereas the eye on the “lion” side of the Face is nothing but a rubble filled “eye socket”, the eye on the “ape-man” side has always shown evidence of something more sculptural. Even the original Viking orbiter imagery revealed a feature like an eyeball within an eye shape. Given the depth of erosion on this side of the Face it is remarkable that we can still make anything out at all - because if this eye is artificial then we are only seeing the ruined foundations of the original construct. The MRO image from 2007 shows the lattice-work of walled cells that curves around the bottom of the eye, which mimics how the eyelid/ skin/ muscle would be shaped. This too seems like a match between sculpture and underlying architecturual sub-structure. De-correlation stretch analysis of Mars Odyssey thermal imagery reveals that the eye has a different mineral composition than its immediate surroundings. The eye also shows different reflective properties than its immediate surroundings and can remain dark even when everything around it is washed out with glare.
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